African Trade - African Trade beads are usually large,
cylindrical, and colorful. Trade beads were old glass beads mostly
made in Venice 200-400 years ago, used for trade in Africa and the Orient.
African Trade Beads are among the hottest
collectibles in the world today. They have become very popular and
form the basis for a fast growing number of bead collections.
Aventurine - Golden glitter due to copper crystals suspended in or
pressed into the surface of other materials.
- Solid lengths of glass formed by drawing, then cut into the desired
length particularly for decorative purposes. They can be different colors
and patterns, displayed either on the side or in cross section.
- Chevrons are made of multiple
layers of different colored glass in corrugated layers so as to form a
starburst pattern when viewed on end.
Chevrons are created by building up layers of different colors, often
successively molded in the process. They are next ground at the ends
to display the patterns.
- Eye beads have a circle/dot mimicking an eye and
intended to avert the evil eye. Perhaps the most common of amulets.
Transparent or translucent beads in which silver or gold foil has been
trapped within the body or on the surface of the bead.
Lampwork - Lampwork beads are
handmade by manipulating slender glass rods in front
of a gas burner.
Colorless transparent coatings that give a very high gloss to the
underlying surface of the bead.
Matte - Beads with a very low-luster, velvety, smooth surface. Also
referred to as " frosted ".
Millefiori - Millefiori is Italian for "1000 flowers." Decoration
consisting of slices of multicolored glass rods (canes), usually
pressed smooth while hot into the surface of a core piece
Pony - Beads
made of glass or plastic, typically slightly oval in shape, the shorter
dimension being through the hole. Pony beads are larger than seed
beads and smaller than crows.
Pressed - Pressed beads have a molded pattern which is consistent
from bead to bead. Surface quality can range from very smooth and uniform
with well-defined edges, to edges that are very rounded, and surfaces that
have dips, flow marks, and other irregularities.
Tiny type of bead most often used in weaving and embroidery. Seed
beads are made of segments of
drawn tubes of glass of various thicknesses, typically slightly oval in
shape due to tumbling and polishing, the shorter dimension being through
the hole. Smaller than Pony beads.
Striated beads have an opaque, translucent, or transparent body with
threads and swirls of other tones or colors on the surface or throughout.
- White Hearts
have a white center under a translucent color. The light bouncing off the
white center makes the bead look brighter and seems to sparkle.